Urinary incontinence – involuntary loss of bladder control – is a common problem amongst adult women and recent research has conclusively shown that a type of exercise called pelvic floor muscle training is effective for treating the condition. The report also found that drug-based treatments can be effective, but the degree of benefit is low and side effects are common.
Urinary incontinence has an impact both physically, psychologically and socially. It is extremely common in adult women, affecting approximately 25 percent of young women, up to 57 percent of middle-aged and postmenopausal women, and approximately 75 percent of older women in nursing homes. The condition can impose significant, potentially debilitating lifestyle restrictions. The cost of incontinence care in the United States averaged $19.5 billion in 2004, and by one estimate the annualized cost of women’s nursing home admissions due to urinary incontinence was $3 billion. Six percent of nursing home admissions of older women are attributable to urinary incontinence.
Researchers concentrated on two kinds of incontinence: stress incontinence, or the inability to retain urine during coughing or sneezing; and urgency incontinence, which is an involuntary loss of urine associated with the sensation of a sudden, compelling urge to urinate that is difficult to defer. Both types usually occur when the urinary sphincter fails, often as a result of weak pelvic floor muscles, which support the uterus, bladder, and other pelvic organs.
Exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, similar to Kegel exercises, were found to be effective in increasing women’s ability to hold their urine. Pelvic floor muscle training combined with bladder training improved mixed (stress and urgency) incontinence, the report found. Estrogen treatment was found to be effective in treating stress incontinence, but with some side effects.
A good review of the problem and exercises can be found at http://tinyurl.com/83xza7o
It can be difficult to remember to do these exercises and it is doing them daily that makes a difference. Given the statistical chance of developing incontinence I advise all my women patients to start doing pelvic floor exercises in their early 20’s. How to remember? Go to the stationary store and buy a packet of small dot stickers. Put one on the mobile phone, one on your steering wheel, one on the TV remote etc. Every time you see a sticker do a few exercises. Simple prompt, life long gain. No problems hanging on!